Healthcare Financial and Accounting Management Skills


Date and Venue

Feb. 20, 2023 - Feb. 24, 2023
CSS Farm Resort, Nasarawa State.
May 8, 2023 - May 12, 2023
CSS Farm Resort, Nasarawa State.
July 24, 2023 - July 28, 2023
CSS Farm Resort, Nasarawa State.
Oct. 23, 2023 - Oct. 27, 2023
CSS Farm Resort, Nasarawa State.



In today's healthcare environment, where financial realities play an important role in health services decision making, it is vital that managers at all levels understand the basic concepts of healthcare finance and how these concepts are used to enhance the financial well-being of the organization.

This course is for individuals, managers or supervisors who are willing to increase their professional area of healthcare finance as it introduces delegates to the basic concepts of healthcare finance, including accounting and financial management.

Course Objectives

On completion of this course you should be able to:

  • Define the term healthcare finance as it is used in this course.
  • Describe the key characteristics of a business.
  • Discuss the structure of finance department, the role of finance in health services organizations, and how this role has changed over time.
  • Describe the major players in the health services industry.
  • Discuss some of the regulatory and legal issues pertinent to the health services industry.
  • List the key operational issues currently facing healthcare managers.
  • Describe the organization of the course and the learning aids.

Course Outlines

The Healthcare Environment

Introduction to Healthcare Finance

  • Defining healthcare finance
  • Purpose of the course
  • Concept of business
  • The role of finance in health services and organizations
  • The structure of the finance department
  • Health services settings
  • Regulatory and legal issues
  • Current challenges
  • Organization of the course

The Financial Environment

  • Alternative forms of business organization
  • Alternative forms of ownership
  • Organizational goals
  • Tax laws
  • Third party payers
  • Managed care plans
  • Alternative reimbursement methods
  • Medical coding: The foundation of fee-for-service

Financial Accounting

The Income Statement and Statement of Changes in Equity

  • Historical foundations of financial accounting
  • The users of financial accounting information
  • Regulation and standards in financial accounting
  • Conceptual framework of financial reporting
  • Accounting methods: cash versus accrual
  • Recording and compiling financial accounting data
  • Income statement basics
  • Revenues
  • Expenses
  • Operating income
  • Non-operating income
  • Net income
  • Net income versus cash flow
  • Income statements of investor-owned businesses
  • Statement of changes in equity
  • A look ahead: using income statement data in financial statement analysis

The Balance Sheet and Statement of Cash Flows

  • Balance sheet basics
  • Assets
  • Liabilities
  • Net assets (Equity)
  • Fund accounting
  • The statement of cash flows
  • Transactions
  • Another look ahead: Using balance sheet data in financial statement analysis

Managerial Accounting

Cost Behavior and Profit Analysis

  • The basics of managerial accounting
  • Cost classifications: fixed and variable
  • Cost behavior
  • Cost classifications: semi-fixed
  • Profit (CVP) analysis
  • Breakeven analysis
  • Operating leverage
  • Profit analysis in discounted fee-for-service environment
  • Profit analysis in a capitated environment
  • The impact of cost structure on financial risk

Cost Allocation

  • Direct versus indirect (Overhead) costs
  • Introduction to cost allocation
  • Cost allocation basics
  • Cost allocation methods
  • Direct method illustration
  • Changing to more effective cost driver
  • Step-down method illustration
  • Activity-based costing
  • Final thoughts on cost allocation

Pricing and service decisions

  • Healthcare providers and the power to set prices
  • Price setting strategies
  • Target costing
  • Setting prices on individual services
  • Setting prices under capitation
  • Setting merged care plan premium rates
  • Using relative value units to set prices
  • Making service decisions (Contract Analysis)

Planning and Budgeting

  • The planning process
  • Operational planning
  • Introduction to budgeting
  • Budget timing and other issues
  • Budget types
  • Constructing a simple operating budget
  • Variance analysis

Basic Financial Management Concepts

Time Value Analysis

  • Time lines
  • Future value of a Lump Sum (Compounding)
  • Present value of a Lump Sum (Discounting)
  • Opportunity cost
  • Solving for interest rate and time
  • Annuities
  • Perpetuities
  • Uneven cash flow streams
  • Using time value analysis to measure return on investment (ROI)
  • Semiannual and other compounding periods
  • Amortized loans

Financial Risk and Required Return

  • The many faces of financial risk
  • Introduction to financial risk
  • Risk aversion
  • Probability distributions
  • Expected and realized rate of return
  • Stand-alone risk
  • Portfolio risk and return
  • Measuring the risk of investments held in portfolios
  • The relationship between component and portfolio betas
  • Relevance of the risk measures
  • Interpretation of the risk measures
  • The relationship between risk and required return

Long-Term Financing

Long-Term Debt Financing

  • The cost of money
  • Common long-term debt instruments
  • Debt contracts
  • Credit ratings
  • Credit enhancement
  • Interest rate components
  • The term structure of interest rates
  • Economic factors that influence interest rate levels
  • Debt valuation

Equity Financing and Securities Markets

  • Equity in for-profit businesses
  • Types of common stock
  • Procedures for selling new common stock
  • The market for common stock
  • Regulation of securities markets
  • The investment banking process
  • Equity in not-for-profit corporations
  • Common stock valuation
  • Security market equilibrium
  • Information efficiency
  • The risk/return trade-off

Capital Structure and the Cost of Capital

  • Capital structure basics
  • Impact of debt financing on accounting risk and return
  • Capital structure theory
  • Identifying the optimal capital structure in practice
  • Not-for-profit businesses
  • Using the target capital structure
  • Cost of capital basics
  • Cost of debt capital
  • Cost of equity capital
  • Cost of capital estimation for small businesses
  • An economic interpretation of the corporate cost of capital

Capital Investment Decisions

The basics of Capital Budgeting

  • Project classifications
  • The role of financial analysis in healthcare capital budgeting
  • Overview of capital budgeting financial analysis
  • Cash flow estimation
  • Cash flow estimation example
  • Breakeven analysis
  • Return on investment (Profitability) analysis
  • Some final thoughts on breakeven and profitability analyses
  • Capital budgeting in not-for-profit businesses
  • The post-audit
  • Using capital budgeting techniques in other contexts

Project Risk Analysis

  • Types of project risk
  • Relationships among stand-alone, corporate, and market risk
  • Risk analysis illustration
  • Sensitivity analysis
  • Scenario analysis
  • Monte carlo simulation
  • Qualitative risk assessment
  • Incorporating risk into the decision process
  • Making the final decision
  • Adjusting cash outflows for risk
  • Divisional costs of capital
  • An overview of the capital budgeting decision process
  • Capital rationing

Current Asset Management and Financing

  • An overview of short-term financial management
  • Cash management
  • The cash budget
  • Marketable securities management
  • Long-term securities management
  • The revenue cycle and receivables management
  • Supply chain management
  • Short-term financing

Financial Condition Analysis

  • Financial statement analysis
  • Financial ration analysis
  • Tying the financial ratios together: Du Pont Analysis
  • Other analytical techniques
  • Operating indicator analysis
  • Limitations of financial ratio and operating indicator analyses
  • Economic Value Added (EVA)
  • Benchmarking
  • Key performance indicators and dashboards

Lease Financing and Business Valuation

  • Leasing basics
  • Tax effects
  • Financial statement effects
  • Lease evaluation
  • Motivations for leasing
  • Business valuation